278 279 The Catholic Church considers the Bishop of Rome, the pope, to be the successor to Saint Peter. 138 Devotions to Mary are part of Catholic piety but are distinct from the worship of God. History of the Christian Church. 318 The matter was largely resolved in 1415-17 at the Council of Constance, with the claimants in Rome and Pisa agreeing to resign and the third claimant excommunicated by the cardinals, who held a new election naming Martin V pope. 258 This part of the Catechism was"d by Pope Francis in a 2013 press interview in which he remarked, when asked about an individual: I think that when you encounter a person like this the individual he was asked about, you must make. Retrieved on iebuhr, Gustav (16 February 1997). The Byzantine Empire soon lost the lands of the eastern patriarchates of Jerusalem, Alexandria and Antioch and was reduced to that of Constantinople, the empire's capital.